Don't take your Fatty Liver Diagnosis Casually!
FATTY LIVER DISEASE
Fatty liver is the infiltration of fat in hepatocytes (liver cells). The cases of fatty liver are increasing day by day due to multiple factors like:
1. Food Metabolism mainly occurs in the liver & due to unbalancing of energy intake & its combustion leads to fatty liver.
2. Due to peripheral resistance to insulin due to type-2 –diabetes.
3. Due to Metabolic Syndrome: abdominal obesity, high Blood pressure, high sugar levels, high triglycerides levels
4. Alcohol Intake
5. Excess Carbohydrate intake in diet such as high-calorie food & packet food
6. Due to Unbalancing of body hormones such as hypothyroidism, PCOD & hypopituitarism.
CLASSIFICATION OF FATTY LIVER DISEASE
Fatty Liver disease is classified into Two Main Categories:
1. Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD): Due to high fructose intake is one of the major reasons for NAFLD high fructose consumption promotes fat accumulation in the liver by stimulating de novo lipogenesis in the liver and reducing the beta-oxidation of fat. The enzyme fructokinase rapidly metabolizes fructose & which leads to a decreased level of intracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The decrease in ATP increases oxidative stress and impairments proper protein synthesis and mitochondrial function in the liver.
2. Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (AFLD): Alcoholic fatty liver occurs due to excess consumption of alcohol for a long duration which leads to ethanol metabolism in the liver in excess which can further lead to hepatic cell damage, fibrosis & cirrhosis of the liver.
LEVELS OF FATTY LIVER DISEASE:
Fatty liver can be classified as (ultrasound screening)
Grade 1: no symptoms are present patient
Grade 2: Indigestion & bloating & flatulence with insulin resistance